Periodontal disease is very common in adults. It is caused by the buildup of bacteria and plaque in our mouths. Without routine brushing and flossing, it continues to build up, forming tartar. Periodontal disease gets worse the longer it is left untreated.
The first sign of periodontal disease is red and swollen gums. Most people say their gums bleed easily, even when they are just brushing their teeth. Some have trouble eating because their teeth are so sensitive. They may start to lose teeth. Often people with periodontal disease have really bad breath.
Periodontal disease is diagnosed through an examination of your teeth. Dentists may also look further by probing your mouth, looking for trouble areas. An x-ray is a nice way to see the progression of the disease.
The treatment for periodontal disease depends on how far along the disease has progressed. It is always important to start with a good professional cleaning. This is necessary to remove the tartar from your mouth and underneath your gums. Your dentist may recommend that you use an antibacterial mouth rinse after you brush your teeth. Sometimes antibiotics are necessary to get rid of the disease.
Once your periodontal disease is under control, good home care with brushing and flossing should help to keep it from coming back. You may want to continue using an antibacterial mouth rinse to help with any bacteria that brushing may miss. It also will help give you minty fresh breath!
Routine examinations by your dentist will help to ensure you have a healthy smile of which you can be proud. Just because you get the disease under control does not mean it won’t come back. It is very important to get back in the habit of brushing your teeth and taking good care of your mouth so it can stay healthy.